Peer Reviewed Study

Feasibility of Video Observed Therapy to Support Controller Inhaler Use Among Children in West Baltimore

November 3, 2022
Journal of Asthma
McIntire K, Weis B, Litwin Ye L ,Krugman SD
Managing Medication Adherence to Improve Outcomes and Quality Metrics


Objective: To assess feasibility of a novel video directly observed therapy (DOT)-based digital asthma program intended to support correct inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) use among children.

Methods: We conducted a 60-day pilot study among patients 2–18 years attending a primary care clinic with prescribed ICS and sub-optimally controlled asthma (recent hospitalization, ICS nonadherence, frequent rescue inhaler use, therapy escalation, or Asthma Control Test <20). Participants used a mobile application to receive reminders, submit videos of ICS doses (video DOT), and receive asynchronous feedback on adherence and inhaler technique. We assessed enrollment, engagement, program metrics, and user experience; adherence and inhaler errors were secondary outcomes.

Results: Of 26 eligible patients, 21 (81%) enrolled and submitted ≥1 video; median age was 11 years (8–15), 71% were male, 90% had Medicaid, and 62% experienced ≥1 exacerbation in the previous 6 months. Retention was 57% and 52% at week 5 and 8, respectively. Participants submitted 810 videos. Missed doses, inhaler errors (n = 247) and adherence issues (n = 107) prompted 543 communications; inadequate inspiration or holding breath were most common. Among 16 patients with engagement >7 days and >4 videos, median inhaler error rate (proportion of videos with ≥1 error) decreased from week 1 to week 2 (73% vs 8%, p ≤ 0.05) with median adherence >80%. Participants experienced the program as long, but easy to use; benefits included building routines, skill, and independence.

Conclusions: This pilot study suggests high program acceptability among our cohort. High engagement with improved inhaler technique over the first 14 days suggests shorter implementation.

Download  the Guide to Managing Medication Adherence to Improve Outcomes and Quality Metrics
Medication Adherence

Download this Guide to Managing Medication Adherence to learn about the medication adherence problem, its many and varied causes, the available tools, and the comprehensive solution.


No items found.